NATIONAL SALARIES, INCOMES AND WAGES COMMISSION ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Establishment and membership of the National Salaries, Incomes
and Wages Commission
- Establishment of the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission.
- Membership of the Commission.
3. Functions of the Commission.
Staff of the Commission
- Secretary and other employees of the Commission.
- Application of Pensions Act.
Units of the Commission
6. Operational arms of the Commission and their duties.
- Fund of the Commission.
- Expenditure of the Commission.
- Annual estimates, accounts and audit.
- Guidelines and enforcement thereof.
- Penalty for contravention of guidelines.
- Level of increase in salaries in trade disputes.
- Submission of collective agreements to the Commission.
- Power to obtain information.
- Independence of the Commission.
- Offence by bodies corporate, etc.
- Submission of annual report.
- Power to give directives.
- Repeal of Cap. 372 L.F.N. 1990.
- Transitional provisions.
- Short title.
Supplementary provisions relating to the Commission
NATIONAL SALARIES, INCOMES AND WAGES COMMISSION ACT
An Act to establish the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission to,
among other things, advise the Federal and State Governments on national income policy.
[1993 No. 99.]
[23rd August, 1993]
Establishment and membership of the National Salaries, Incomes
and Wages Commission
- Establishment of the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission
(I) There is hereby established a body to be known as the National Salaries, Incomes
and Wages Commission (in this Act referred to as “the Commission”).
(2) The Commission shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common
seal and may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
- Membership of the Commission
(I) The Commission shall comprise a chairman who shall be the chief executive of
the Commission and the following other members, that is-
(a) three full time Commissioners;
(b) the Permanent-Secretary, Office of Establishments and Management Services
of the Presidency;
(c) the Permanent-Secretary, Federal Ministry of Employment, Labour and Productivity;
(d) one representative of the Nigerian Employer’s Consultative Association;
(e) one representative of the Nigeria Labour Congress; and
(f) four other persons of proven integrity and relevant expertise.
(2) The chairman and members of the Commission shall be appointed by the President.
(3) A member of the Commission shall, subject to the provisions of this Act hold office
for a period of five years from the date of his appointment as a member and shall be
eligible for re-appointment for a further term of five years and no more.
(4) The supplementary provisions contained in the Schedule to this Act shall have effect with
respect to the proceedings of the Commission and the other matters therein mentioned.
- Functions of the Commission
The functions of the Commission shall be to-
(a) advise the Federal Government on national incomes policy;
(b) recommend the proportions of income growth which should be utilised for
general wage increase;
(c) inform the Federal Government of current and incipient trends in wages and
propose guidelines within which increase in wages should be confined;
(d) keep the Federal Government informed on a continuing basis of movement of
all forms of income and propose guidelines relating to profits, dividends and
all incomes other than wages;
(e) encourage research on wages structure (including industrial, occupational and
regional and any other similar factor), income distribution and household consumption patterns;
(f) keep prices under continuous surveillance, interpret price movements and relate them
to other developments in the national economy;
(g) propose measures for the regulation of prices and wages in the various sectors
of the economy and for the control of hoarding;
(h) encourage and promote schemes for raising productivity in all sectors of the
(i) establish and run a data bank or other information centre relating to data on
wages and prices or any other variable and for that purpose to collaborate with
data collection agencies to design and develop an adequate information system;
(j) inform and educate the public on prices, wages and productivity, their relationships
with one another and their inter-play in determining standards of living and real economic growth;
(k) examine and advise on any matter referred to it by the Federal and State Governments
concerning any of the functions conferred on it by or pursuant to this Act;
(I) examine, streamline and recommend salary scales applicable to each post in
the public service;
(m) examine areas in which rationalisation and harmonisation of wages, salaries
and other conditions of employment are desirable and feasible as between the
public and private sectors of the economy and recommend guidelines which
will ensure sustained harmony in work compensation policies in both the public and private sectors;
(n) examine the salary structures in the public and private sectors and recommend
a general wages framework with reasonable features of relativity and maximum levels which
are in consonance with the national economy;
(0) examine and recommend effective machinery for assembling data on a continuing
basis taking into account changes in the cost of living, productivity
levels, levels of pay in the private sector and other relevant economic data on
which public sector salary and other benefits can be reviewed annually;
(P) examine the current rate of retirement benefits and recommend appropriate
mechanism for periodic review of retirement benefits;
(q) inquire into and make recommendations on any other matters which, in the
opinion of the Commission, appear to be relevant to the foregoing and therefore ought, in
the public interest, to be inquired into; and
(r) undertake any other activity which is likely to assist in the performance of the
functions conferred on it by or pursuant to this Act.
Staff of the Commission
- Secretary and other employees of the Commission
(I) There shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Commission,
a secretary to the Commission who shall not be below the rank of a Permanent Secretary
in the Ci viI Service of the Federation.
(2) The secretary shall-
(a) be the accounting officer of the Commission;
(b) assist the chairman-
(i) in carrying out the day-to-day activities of the Commission; and
(ii) in ensuring that all rules and regulations relating to management of the
human, material and financial resources of the Commission are adhered to in accordance
with the objectives of the Federal Government; and
(c) carry out such other duties as may be required of him, from to time to time, by the chairman.
[1999 No. 17.]
(3) The Commission may appoint such number of other persons to be employees of
the Commission as it may deem fit.
(4) The Commission may develop and submit to the President appropriate conditions
of service covering remuneration, fringe benefits, pension schemes and other benefits
which would enable it attract and retain high quality manpower.
- Application of Pensions Act
(1) Service in the Commission shall be pensionable under the Pensions Act, and accordingly,
employees of the Commission shall, in respect of their service in the Commission be entitled
to pensions, gratuities and other retirement benefits as are prescribed thereunder.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, nothing in this
Act shall prevent the appointment of a person to any office on terms which preclude the
grant of a pension and gratuity in respect of that office.
(3) For the purposes of the application of the Pensions Act, any power exercisable
thereunder by the Minister or authority of the Federal Government (not being the power
to make regulations under section 23 thereof) is hereby vested in and shall be exercisable
by the Commission and not by any other person or authority.
(4) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, the Pensions Act shall in its application
by virtue of the subsection (3) of this section to any office, have effect as if the office
were in the civil service of the Federation within the meaning of the Constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.
[Cap. P4. Cap. C23.]
Units of the Commission
- Operational arms of the Commission and their duties
(1) The Commission shall have at its discretion, the following operational arms and agencies, that is-
(a) the Pay Research unit;
(b) the Incomes Analysis Unit;
(c) the Wages and Productivity Unit;
(d) the Price Intelligence Agency; and
(e) the Job Evaluation and Grading Unit.
(2) The Pay Research Unit shall be responsible to the Commission for-
(a) collecting and analysing data on the cost of living, productivity, levels of pay
in the private sector and such other data as would enable it determine the extent of adjustments
(if any) to be made in wages structure in the public service;
(b) carrying out such other duties as may be assigned to it, from time to time, by
(3) The Incomes Analysis Unit shall be responsible to the Commission for-
(a) making inquiries into the various aspects of income distribution as well as
changes in the pattern of distribution of income in the form of wages, profits,
rents, dividends and collecting data relative thereto;
(b) conducting investigations relating to inter-personal and regional distribution of
income and collecting data relative thereto;
(c) analysing profits, rents, dividends and other non-wage incomes in order to
enable the Commission determine appropriate guidelines relative thereto; and
(d) carrying out such other duties as may be assigned to it, from time to time, by
(4) The Wages and Productivity Unit shall be responsible to the Commission for-
(a) evaluating, on a continuing basis, trends in wages, productivity and economic
growth with a view to providing the Commission with such information as
would enable the Commission determine permissible increases in wages in the
(b) where so directed by the Commission, promoting and assisting to implement
schemes for raising productivity in public and private enterprises; and
(c) carrying out such other duties as may be assigned to it, from time to time, by
(5) The Price Intelligence Agency shall be responsible to the Commission for-
(a) studying and interpreting price movements (including re-sale price maintenance)
on a continuing basis; and
(b) carrying out such other duties of a similar nature to the foregoing as may be
assigned to it, from time to time, by the Commission.
7. Fund of the Commission
(I) The Commission shall establish and maintain a fund from which shall be defrayed all
expenditure incurred by the Commission.
(2) There shall be paid and credited to the fund established pursuant to subsection (I)
of this section-
(a) such moneys as may, from time to time, be granted or lent to the Commission
by the Government of the Federation or of a State;
(b) all moneys raised for the purposes of the Commission by way of gift, loan,
grant-in-aid, testamentary disposition or otherwise;
(c) all subscriptions, fees and charges for services rendered or publications made
by the Commission; and
(d) all other assets that may, from time to time, accrue to the Commission.
(3) The fund shall be managed in accordance with rules made by the President and
without prejudice to the generality of the power to make rules under this subsection, the
rules shall in particular contain provisions-
(a) specifying the manner in which the assets of the fund of the Commission are to
be held and regulating the making of payments into and out of the fund; and
(b) requiring the keeping of proper accounts and records for the purposes of the
fund in such form as may be specified in the rules.
- Expenditure of the Commission
The Commission may, from time to time, apply the proceeds of the fund established
pursuant to section 7 of this Act to-
(a) the cost of administration of the Commission;
(b) the payments of the salaries, fees and other remuneration, allowances, pensions
and gratuities payable to members or employees of the Commission.
- Annual estimates, accounts and audit
(1) The Commission shall not later than 31 October in each year, submit to the President
an estimate of its expenditure and income during the next succeeding financial year.
(2) The Commission shall keep proper accounts of the Commission in respect of each
year and proper records in relation thereto and shall cause its accounts to be audited not
later than six months after the end of each year by auditors appointed from the list of
auditors and in accordance with the guidelines supplied by the Auditor-General for the
10. Guidelines and enforcement thereof
(1) The Commission may, from time to time, and shall when so directed by the
President, prepare guidelines on any question relating to wages or other forms of income
or to prices, charges or other sums payable under transactions of any description relating
to any form of property, rights, services of any description or to returns on capital invested
in any form of property, including dividends in relation to any of its functions under or pursuant to this Act.
(2) Guidelines prepared pursuant to subsection (I) of this section, shall be submitted
to the President who may direct such action thereon as he may consider fit in the circumstances.
(3) Where the President directs the enforcement of any restraint or any other matter,
then it shall be the duty of the Commission to implement any such direction and if it
thinks fit, through any of its operational arms.
(4) The Commission shall give public notice, in any manner as it may determine, of
any restraint or any other matter requiring to be enforced pursuant to this section.
11. Penalty for contravention of guidelines
(I) A person who contravenes a guideline issued under the provisions of ection 10
of this Act or regulations made thereunder is guilty of an offence.
(2) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (I) of this section is liable on conviction
to a fine of N I 0,000 or to imprisonment for a term of two years or to both such
fine and imprisonment.
12. Level of increase in salaries in trade disputes Notwithstanding anything contained
in the Trade Disputes Act, where the Industrial Arbitration Panel is of the view after arbitration,
that a case has been made for an increase in salaries, the Industrial Arbitration Panel shall
then refer the decision as to the level of increase to the Commission for advice.
13. Submission of collective agreements to the Commission
Where collective agreements between employers and employees involve increase in
wages, salaries and fringe benefits, three copies of the collective agreements shall be
submitted to the Commission for advice.
14. Power to obtain information
(I) For the purpose of the efficient dispatch of the functions of the Commission under
this Act, the secretary or any other officer of the Commission may by notice in writing
served on any person in charge of any undertaking, require the person to furnish in such
form as the secretary or other officer may direct, information on such matter as may be
specified by him.
(2) A person required to furnish information pursuant to subsection (I) of this section,
shall within thirty days from the notice comply with the requirement.
15. Independence of the Commission
In the discharge of its duties of advising the Federal and State Governments on national
incomes policy and ways of enhancing productivity in both the public and private
sectors of the economy and in proposing guidelines on relative prices and incomes, the
Commission, shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other authority or person.
(I) If a person required to furnish information pursuant to section 14 of this Act fails
to furnish the information as required under that section, shall be guilty of an offence and
liable on conviction to a fine of N 10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
months or to both such fine and imprisonment.
(2) If a person, in purported compliance with a requirement to furnish information as
aforesaid, knowingly or recklessly makes any statement therein which is false in a material
particular, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine of N I 0,000
or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both such fine and imprisonment.
(3) A person, who wilfully obstructs, interferes with, assaults or resists an officer of
the Commission in the execution of his duties under this Act or who aids, invites, induces
or abets any other person to obstruct, interfere with, assault or resist the officer shall be
guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine of NlO,OOO or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.
17. Offence by bodies corporate, etc.
(I) Where an offense under this Act is committed by a body corporate, firm or other
association of individuals-
(a) every director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate;
(b) every partner or officer of the firm;
(c) every trustee of the body concerned;
(d) every person concerned in the management of the affairs of the association;
(e) every person who was purporting to act in any such capacity as aforesaid,
shall severally be guilty of that offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished
for the offence in like manner as if he had himself committed the offence unless he
proves that the act or omission constituting the offence took place without his knowledge,
consent or connivance.
(2) For the purposes of this section, “director” in relation to a body corporate established
by or under any enactment or law for the purpose of carrying on under national
ownership, an industry or undertaking or part of an industry or undertaking, being a body
corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of that body corporate.
18. Submission of annual report
The Commission shall, not later than six month after the end of each year, submit to
the President a report on the activities of the Commission and its administration during
the immediately preceding year and shall include in such report the audited accounts of
the Commission and auditor’s comment thereon.
19. Power to give directives
Subject to the provisions of this Act, the President, may give to the Commission di-
rectives of a general nature or relating generally to matters of policy with regard to the
exercise by the Commission of its functions and it shall be the duty of the Commission to
comply with the directives.
20. Repeal of Cap. 372 L.F.N. 1990
The Productivity, Prices and Incomes Board Act is hereby repealed and the Board
established under the repealed Act is hereby consequently dissolved.
[Cap. 372 L.F.N. 1990.]
21. Transitional provisions
(1) At the commencement of this Act, the Management Services Department of the
Office of Establishments and Management Services and the operational arms of the
Productivity, Prices and Incomes Board located in-
(a) the Federal Ministry of Finance; or
(b) the Federal Ministry of Employment, Labour and Productivity; or
(c) the Federal Ministry of Commerce,
shall cease to exist and their rights and obligations shall reside in the Commission established by this Act.
(2) Accordingly, the existing staff of the agencies dissolved by subsection (I) of this
section, shall be deemed to have been absorbed by the Commission, so however that-
(a) a staff may opt out of the Commission within sixty days of the coming into
force of this Act; or
(b) the Commission may, on advice, dispense with the services of an existing staff
whose level of competence is adjudged inadequate for coping with the task of the Commission.
The President may make regulations generally for the purposes of this Act and without
prejudice to the generality of the power hereby conferred, regulations may-
(a) prescribe the forms to be used for the purposes of this Act;
(b) prescribe or contain such administrative or procedural provisions as appear to
the President expedient in order to facilitate the operation of this Act.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
“chairman” means the chairman of the Commission;
“Commission” means the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission established by section I of this Act;
“member” means a member of the Commission and includes the chairman;
“price” includes a charge of any description; and
“wages” includes salaries, personal emoluments, fringe and retirement benefits.
24. Short title
This Act may be cited as the National Salaries, Incomes and Wages Commission Act.
[Section 2 (4).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Commission
Proceedings of the Commission
1. (I) The Commission shall meet for the conduct of its business at such time, place and on
such day as the chairman may appoint but shall meet not less than twice in a year.
(2) At a meeting of the Commission the chairman shall preside, but in his absence the
members present shall elect one of their number to preside.
2. The Commission shall have power to regulate its proceedings and may make standing
orders for that purpose and subject to any such standing orders and to paragraph 3 of this
Schedule, may function notwithstanding-
(a) any vacancy in its membership or the absence of any member; or
(b) any defect in the appointment of a member; or
(c) that a person not entitled to do so took part in its proceedings.
- The quorum at any meeting of the Commission shall be a simple majority of the members.
- Where standing orders made under paragraph 2 of this Schedule provide for the Commission
to co-opt persons who are not members of the Commission, such persons may attend
meetings of the Commission and advise it on any matter referred to them by the Commission
but shall not count towards a quorum and shall not be entitled to vote at any meeting of the
5. The Commission may appoint one or more committees to advise it on the exercise and
performance of its functions under this Act and it shall have power to regulate the proceedings
of its committees.
6. (I) Any contract or instrument which, if entered into or executed by a person not being a
body corporate would not be required to be under seal, may be entered into or executed on
behalf of the Commission by any person generally or specifically authorised in that behalf by
(2) Any member of the Commission or of a committee thereof, who has a personal interest
in any contract or arrangement entered into or proposed to be considered by the Commission
or a committee thereof, shall forthwith disclose his interest to the Commission or the
committee, as the case may be, and shall not be entitled to vote on any question relating to
such contract or arrangement.
7. (I) The common seal of the Commission shall not be used or affixed to any document
except in pursuance of a resolution duly passed at a properly constituted meeting of the
Commission and recorded in the minutes of the meeting.
(2) The fixing of the seal of the Commission shall be authenticated by the signature of
the chairman or some other member authorised generally or specifically by the Commission to
act for that purpose.
(3) Any document purporting to be a document duly executed under the seal of Commission
shall be received in evidence and shall unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to be
No Subsidiary Legislation